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The State Department for Devolution is mandated to build capacity and provide technical assistance to counties through development of relevant laws, policies, regulations and guidelines. It serves as a link between the National Government and County Governments.According to articles 185(2), 186(1) and 187(2).] in the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution of Kenya, 14 functions were devolved: to the Counties.

Agriculture,County health services,Control of air pollution, noise pollution, other public nuisances and outdoor advertising.Cultural activities, public entertainment and public amenitiesCounty transportAnimal control and welfare,Trade development and regulationCounty planning and developmentPre-primary education, village polytechnics, home-craft centres and childcare facilities,Implementation of specific national government policies on natural resources and environmental conservationCounty public works and services.Fire-fighting services and disaster management.Control of drugs and pornography.Ensuring and coordinating the participation of communities and locations in governance at the local level and assisting communities and locations to develop administrative capacity for the effective exercise of the functions and powers and participation in governance at the local level.

The Intergovernmental Relations Technical Committee (IGTRC) is a body formed by an act of parliament to establish a framework for consultation and co-operation between the National and County Governments and amongst county governments. This is the body that was further mandated to take over the residual functions of the Transition Authority as envisaged under section 12 (b) of the IGRTC Act.The core functions of the IGRTCC are outlined in Section 12 of the Intergovernmental Relations Act 2012 (IGRA). 

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The Council of Governors (COG) is a non-partisan organization that brings together all the forty-seven (47) Governors. It provides a forum of consultation and sharing of information and best practices among County governments.

The Summit is an apex body for intergovernmental relations that brings both the National and County Governments. It comprises of the President as the chairperson and the forty-seven (47) Governors. The chairperson of the Council of Governors is the vice-chair of the Summit.

Relief food is distributed to those affected by drought and are food insecure in the 29 ASALs counties. It is also distributed to those in emergency situations or affected by disasters.

29 Counties are classified as ASALs. These are:

Garissa, Wajir, Mandera, Marsabit, Turkana, Samburu, West Pokot, Elgeyo-Marakwet, Baringo, Isiolo, Laikipia, Nakuru, Lamu, Tana River, Taita-Taveta, Kilifi, Kwale, Embu, Kitui, Meru, Tharaka-Nithi, Nyeri, Machakos, Makueni, Kajiado, Narok, Kiambu, Migori and Homa Bay.